According to the latest WHO guideline of Iron Deficiency Anemia (IDA) among children worldwide, approximately 300 million children globally had anemia in 2011. WHO also indicated that iron deficiency is always the most common cause of anemia. Even in developed countries or regions, over 10% of children suffer from iron deficiency problem.

 

Consequences of Iron Deficiency (ID) for children:

  • Fatigue
  • Decreasing attention span
  • Shortening memory
  • Learning and cognitive abilities loss
  • Decline of immune system
  • Pallor, cold hands and feet

 

In addition, there are some studies pointed out that mean total IQ score of the children with iron deficiency anemia (IDA) was 12.9 points lower than that of the normal children. Thus, iron deficiency in children should not be neglected as it can affect long-term cognitive function.

 

WHO recommends daily iron supplementation for preventing ID/IDA:

  • Infants and young children ( 6-23 months): 10-12.5mg elemental iron, 3 consecutive months in a year
  • Preschool-age children (2-3 years): 30mg elemental iron, 3 consecutive months in a year
  • School-age children (5-12 years): 30-60mg elemental iron, 3 consecutive months in a year

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